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Doenças de inverno: saiba as diferenças entre gripe e resfriado

Especialista da SulAmérica esclarece as distinções entre as enfermidades e oferece dicas de prevenção

Com a chegada do inverno, são comuns o aumento de casos de doenças respiratórias e a piora de condições crônicas como asma ou rinite. Nesse período, é natural que, ao surgirem os primeiros sintomas de desconforto, existam dúvidas sobre o diagnóstico. Há, por exemplo, quem acredite que gripe e resfriado são sinônimos. No entanto, embora semelhantes, elas são doenças distintas, causadas, inclusive, por vírus diferentes.

Diretora Técnica Médica e de Relacionamento com Prestadores da SulAmérica, Dra. Tereza Veloso – Crédito: Reinaldo Canato

A gripe tem como agente o vírus influenza. Os sintomas apresentam maior intensidade que os do resfriado e podem durar até duas semanas. É comum uma pessoa gripada apresentar febre alta e abrupta, dores no corpo, congestão, fraqueza e cansaço. O vírus pode ser transmitido por meio do contato direto, de pessoa para pessoa, via espirro, por exemplo, e também de forma indireta, por contato com objetos contaminados.

O resfriado, por sua vez, é causado por vírus específicos como o Coronavírus e o Rinovírus, entre outros. Em geral, os sintomas duram de três a cinco dias, e, nesse período, é comum ter as vias respiratórias obstruídas, coriza, febre baixa, tosse, espirros e dor de garganta. Em ambos os casos, o tratamento é feito com analgésicos, antitérmicos, repouso e hidratação.

Prevenção

Segundo a diretora Técnica Médica e de Relacionamento com Prestadores da SulAmérica, Dra. Tereza Veloso, para prevenir-se é aconselhável tomar a vacina anualmente, além de lavar bem as mãos e o nariz e evitar locais fechados, com aglomeração de pessoas e pouca ventilação. “A vacinação anual é muito importante, porque as cepas do vírus causador da gripe mudam a cada ano e as vacinas são atualizadas para tais mudanças”, destaca a médica.

Além disso, é essencial manter uma alimentação saudável e equilibrada para manter o sistema imunológico fortalecido, dica que vale para todas as épocas do ano. “Procure comer alimentos ricos em vitaminas, minerais e antioxidantes, como frutas e legumes. A vitamina C, presente na laranja e em outras frutas cítricas, é uma forte aliada no combate a gripe e ao resfriado”, completa a especialista.

E-book sobre doenças respiratórias

Para conscientizar a população, a SulAmérica, maior seguradora independente do País, desenvolveu um e-book exclusivo com informações sobre essas e outras doenças recorrentes nesta época do ano. O material é gratuito e foi produzido pelo programa SulAmérica Saúde Ativa, que desde 2002 incentiva a adoção de hábitos saudáveis pelos segurados. O download está disponível no link http://bit.ly/DoencasdeInvernoSAS.

“Iniciativas de conscientização da população, como o desenvolvimento deste conteúdo educativo sobre doenças respiratórias, estão alinhadas com o compromisso assumido pela SulAmérica em promover saúde e qualidade de vida”, explica a Dra. Tereza Veloso. “A queda de temperatura, a baixa umidade e o aumento da poluição do ar são fatores comuns no inverno que prejudicam as condições respiratórias e este e-book traz orientações para manter a saúde no período.”

Em caso de dúvidas sobre este e outros temas de saúde, segurados da SulAmérica contam com serviços de medicina conectada como Orientação Médica Telefônica (OMT), Médico na Tela e Médico em Casa. O objetivo dessas iniciativas, cuja utilização está sujeita a critérios de elegibilidade e disponibilidade, é oferecer ainda mais conforto e tranquilidade para beneficiários, evitando idas desnecessárias ao pronto-socorro, em casos de baixa complexidade. Para mais informações, consulte o site do Saúde Ativa (www.sulamerica.com.br/saudeativa).

Atenção

Este conteúdo tem caráter meramente informativo e não deve substituir as orientações de um médico. Nunca se automedique ou interrompa o uso de medicamentos sem consultar um profissional de saúde.

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